Organized by:
 The International Orthopterists' Society
 China Agricultural University (CAU)
 Yunnan Academy of Agricultural Sciences

 Co-organized by:
 Yunnan University
 Yunnan Provincial Society of
 Microbiology (YSM)
 Yunnan Provincial Society of
 Entomology (YSE)



1. Orthoptera Conservation
    Organizer: Michael Samways
    University of Stellenbosch, South Africa
    Co-organizer: Shuguang Hao,
    Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing, China
    Life on Earth is facing an extinction crisis, where estimates suggest that possibly a third of all insect species may go extinct. These extinctions are mainly caused by humans, either directly through activities such as landscape change or indirectly through agents such as global climate change. Many of these impacts operate synergistically, which then increases the threats to species, and indeed to whole ecosystems. Orthoptera are among these casualties with one, Neduba extincta, even scientifically described after it was extinct from human impact. Then there are many that are going extinct or are extinct, yet they have never been scientifically studied or even collected. These are known as Centinelan extinctions, and come about when swathes of natural habitat are disturbed or destroyed before any scientific investigation can take place. Yet on the positive side, there have been some very encouraging activities across the world, where orthopteran species have received special conservation action. These activities are now also being promoted through the IUCN/SSC Grasshopper Specialist Group, a globally recognized and active group of dedicated Orthoptera conservationists. This symposium addresses some of the contemporary issues and challenges facing Orthoptera conservation, with the aim of helping ensure that future generations benefit from a rich diversity of Orthoptera species.
    Speakers and topics:
    1.Corey Bazelet (Stellenbosch University, South Africa): Conservation of southern African Orthoptera
    2.Corinne Watts ( Land Care, Mannaaki Whenua, New Zealand): Conservation of New Zealand
    3. Klaus Riede (Museum Alexander Koenig, Germany): Advances in bioacoustics monitoring.
    4.Marcio Bolfarini (Universidade Estadual Paulista, Brazil): Conservation of cave crickets in Brazil

2. Orthoptera Systematics
    Organizer: Hojun Song
    University of Central Florida, USA
    Co-organizer: Yuan Huang
    Shanxi Normal University, Xian, China
    The motivation behind this symposium is to bring together currently active orthopteran systematists and to have an opportunity to discuss about the future of orthopteran systematics. Particularly, we have invited researchers whose research focus on higher-level systematics and evolution of Orthoptera using modern phylogenetic methods.
Speakers and topics:
    1. Laure Desutter-Grancolas (Muséum national d'histoire naturelle, France): Systematics of Grylloidea
    2. Andrej V. Gorochov (Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia): Early evolution of the order Orthoptera and divergence of its highest taxa
    3. Hojun Song (University of Central Florida, USA): Phylogenetic Systematics of Orthoptera
    4. Ricardo Mariño-Pérez (University of Central Florida, USA): Systematics of Pyrgomorphidae (Caelifera)
    5. Weian Deng (Hechi University, China): Systematics of Tetrigidae (Orthoptera) in China
    6. Sam Heads (Illinois Natural History Survey, USA): Fossil Orthoptera
    7. Maria Marta Cigliano (Museo de La Plata, Argentina): Diversification patterns in Melanoplinae (Orthoptera: Acrididae) grasshoppers from the Andes highlands
    8. Jianhua Huang (Guangxi Normal University, China): DNA barcoding and species boundary delimitation of selected species of Chinese Acridoidea (Orthoptera: Caelifera)

3. Taxonomy of Orthoptera: How to Consider Species Concepts
    Organizer: Battal Ciplak
    Faculty of Art & Science, Antalya, Turkey
    Co-organizer: Daochuan Zhang
    Hebei University, China
    Species is the basic unit in taxonomy. The species to reflecting the natural entities will be functional in other areas of biology. This symposium mainly aims to outline this perspective using examples from Orthoptera. Mainly three issues will be address in symposium. (1) Definition of the natural units requires reference criteria and determination of criteria led to several species concepts. But, in application taxonomy flows in its traditional stream, thus possibly a small fraction of the named species fits to the theoretical criteria suggested by concepts. Using examples from Orthoptera we try to discuss the quality of the existing taxonomical data. (2) Different character sources are using to delimit the biological units called species. But, in several cases, conflicts between character sources are main problem in contemporary taxonomic applications. Determination of the ways of conflict and suggesting solution for application is an open area to be studied. (3) Species concepts cannot be formulated independent of speciation. Consideration of the speciation increased complexity of the reference criteria and brought new questions. Is the species or population the main unit of evolution? Was Darwin right in suggesting that there no natural units called species?... Species concepts will be discussed in these perspectives by examining speciation patterns some reference group from Orthoptera.
    Speakers and topics:
    1. Battal Ciplak (Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Akdeniz University Antalya, Turkey):Species from an integrative perspective and quality of existing taxonomical data: game of the names versus natural entities.
    2. Viviana Andrea Confalonieri (Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina): High altitude grasshoppers of South America: defining biological units when genes, chromosomes and morphology tell different stories.
    3. Claudia Hemp (Coordinator KiLi research unit, University of Wuerzburg, Germany): Ecological adaptations of grassland-inhabiting flightless Orthoptera: the subtribe Karniellina of Conocephalini (Conocephalinae, Tettigoniidae) as model group to understand modes and time of speciation patterns in East Africa
    4. Douglas W. Whitman (School of Biological Sciences, Illinois State University, USA):Populations, not species, are the true unit of evolution.

4. Orthoptera Sexual Behavior and Sexual Selection
    Organizer: Douglas Whitman
    Illinois State University, USA
    Co-organizer: Long Zhang, China Agricultral University, Beijing, China
    Darwin proposed two processes to explain the fantastic diversity of living things on Earth: natural selection and sexual selection. As such, sex and sexual selection assume a preeminent position in evolutionary biology, and across the disciplines of biochemistry & molecular biology, genetics, development, morphology, physiology, life-history, ecology, and, of course, behavior. Researchers working in any of these fields can, and often do, study sex and sexual selection.
    This symposium will explore sex and sexual selection in Orthoptera, including sexual behavior, morphology, pheromones, intra-, and inter-sexual selection, and the evolution of sexual strategies. Orthoptera are excellent subjects for such studies, because of their great taxonomic, morphological, and ecological diversity, their abundance, their ease of laboratory culture, and especially because of the myriad of odd behaviors and morphologies employed during sex.
    Speakers and topics:
    1. Douglas W. Whitman (Illinois State University, USA): Sexual behavior and sexual selection in giant, toxic lubber grasshoppers.
    2. Kevin A. Judge (MacEwan University, Canada): The evolution of weaponry and aggressive behavior in North American field crickets (Gryllidae, Gryllus).
    3. Gerlind Lehmann (Humboldt University Berlin, Germany): Sexual selection and the evolution of mating systems within the species-rich bushcricket genus Poecilimon (Ensifera: Phaneropterinae).
    4. Mei Guo, Liwei Zhang, Fuyan Zhang, Nan Zheng, Jia Li & Long Zhang (China Agricultural University, China): A locust pheromone released by male adults and sensed by an odorant-binding protein.

5. Orthoptera Communication: From Model Organisms to Comparative Studies
    Organizer: Klaus Riede
     Museum Alexander Koenig, Germany
    Co-organizer: Wangpeng Shi
    China Agricultural University, Beijing, China
    Research on Orthoptera communication can be subdivided into two major fields: in-depth studies of acoustic communication, encompassing all aspects of sender-receiver biology, and bioacoustic characterisation of songs as a taxonomic feature for species diagnosis. In-depth studies cover a wide range of research topics, from sensorial physiology of insect ears to neural processing and behavioural biology, with special emphasis on phonotaxis and sound production.due to the complex nature of experiments and equipment, this research was limited to few model organisms, such as Gryllus spp,, Chorthippus spp. and few tettigoniid species. In recent times, researchers from both ends of this spectrum were extending their approach: physiologists by studying a much wider range of species, often with a comparative approach, taxonomists by applying sophisticated bioacoustic methodology with an evolutionary perspective. This symposium will provide an overview of the state-of-the-art of this fruitful extension and fusion of research approaches.
    Speakers and topics:
    1. Tony Robillard, (Muséum national d'histoire naturelle Paris, France):Integrative study of acoustic communication and evolution in crickets
    2. Eneopterinae Fernando Montealegre Zapata, (School of Life Sciences, University of Lincoln, UK):Biomechanics of hearing and singing in Ensifera: an evolutionary view
    3. Rohini Balakrishnan, (Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India ): The acoustic world of a rain forest dusk chorus
    4. Heiner Römer, (University of Graz, Austria): Insect acoustic communication under noise: Lessons from the tropical rainforest

6. Grasshopper and Locust Control: Progress or Constant Renewal?
    Organizer: Alexandre Latchninsky
    University of Wyoming, USA
    Co-organizer: Puyun Yang
     Chinese National Agricultural Technology Extension Center, Beijing China
    Locusts and their non-swarming “cousins” the grasshoppers (Orthoptera: Caelifera) are an essential component of temperate and tropical grassland biomes worldwide, particularly in the arid regions. At average population densities, they are beneficial for the grassland ecosystem by stimulating plant growth, facilitating nutrient cycling, and playing vital roles in food webs. However, from time to time they can produce devastating plagues and become a major threat to agriculture and food security worldwide. Their outbreaks occur on all continents except Antarctica and affect the livelihoods of 10% of the world’s population. Despite the recent progress in understanding locust and grasshopper ecology and behavior, our ability to predict their dynamics and manage their populations remains insufficient, as evidenced by several outbreaks of these pests in different geographic areas in the 21st century. Furthermore, global climate changes appear to impact locusts and grasshoppers through expanding their ranges and modifying their developmental cycles, presenting new challenges for controlling these pests.
The economic importance of locusts and grasshoppers is not merely limited to direct crop and pasture damage. During outbreaks, a tremendous and costly effort is applied to control these pests. Current control strategies remain essentially curative, relying on large-scale applications of chemical insecticides to pest infestations. For example, to combat the Desert locust outbreak in 2003-2005, 13 million ha in over 20 countries on three continents were treated with broad-spectrum neurotoxins at a cost of over half a billion US dollars. Growing concerns over the environmental impacts of locust and grasshopper control programs stimulated the development of alternative approaches to population management, in particular, using biological control agents. During our symposium, the invited speakers – the renowned locust control specialists from 5 continents – will discuss the current state-of-the-art and future perspectives in locust and grasshopper control. Among others, they will address the following questions:
    A. Is the paradigm shift from curative control to preventive locust and grasshopper population management realistic?
    B. What are the obstacles in the adoption and practical implementation of more environmentally acceptable locust and grasshopper management strategies?
    C. Sustainable locust and grasshopper management: a myth or a reality?
    Speakers and topics:
    1. Alexandre Latchininsky (University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY, USA):Locust and grasshopper control worldwide: an introduction.
    Grasshopper control: A North American Perspective
    2. Annie Monard (FAO UN, Rome, Italy):Recent experience in large-scale locust campaigns and lessons learnt
    3. Gregory Sword (Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA): Integrating the ecology of phase change and collective movement into preventative locust management
    4. Chris Adriaansen (APLC, Canberra, Australia) :Locust control: an Australian perspective
    5. Puyun Yang, and Jinquan Zhu (Chinese National Agricultural Technology Extension Center, Beijing China) :Sustainable management of locusts and grasshoppers in China
    6. David Hunter (BASF Consultant, Australia): Are constant advances required to overcome increasing restrictions on the use of chemical pesticides?
    7. Mohamed Abdallahi Babah Ebbe (CNLA, Nouakchott, Mauritania): Locust biological control: why it works in certain areas and does not work in others?
    8. Furkat Gapparov (Uzbek Plant Protection Institute, Tashkent, Uzbekistan): Locust and grasshopper control in Central Asia: new trends

7. Orthopteran Functional Genomics: Big Genomes and Big Challenges
    Organizer: Greg Sword
    Texas A&M University, USA
    Co-organizer: Darron Cullen
    University of Cambridge, UK
    A rapidly growing range of molecular genetic techniques continues to provide new insights into the biology of Orthopterans. Studies of crickets, grasshoppers and locusts have employed microarrays, deep sequencing technologies and proteomic approaches to address a range of questions in Orthopteran behaviour, physiology, ecology and evolution. Furthermore, the increased use of RNAi has enabled the functional characterization of many genes, unraveling key molecular pathways that underpin wide-ranging physiological and behavioural processes. With due consideration for a broad audience, presentations will highlight the application of these approaches to Orthopterans as non-model systems, and emphasize their broad utility across a wide range of research programs from behaviour and physiology through to molecular ecology and evolution.
    Speakers and topics:
    1. Kenji Tomioka (Okayama University, Japan): Molecular dissection of the circadian clock by RNAi in the cricket Gryllus bimaculatus
    2. Heleen Verlinden (Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium):RNA interference in the desert locust
    3. Xianhui Wang (Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing): The whole genome sequence of the migratory locust, Locusta migratoria
    4. Bart Boerjan (Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium):How epigenetic mechanisms might explain locust phenotypic plasticity
    5. Darron Cullen (University of Cambridge, UK): Behavioural phase change in the Australian plague locust
    6. Rut Vleugels (Catholic University of Leuven, BelgiumBiogenic): amine receptors in the desert locust and their role in behavioural phase transition

8. Orthoptera in Culture & Education
    Organizer: Charles Bomar
    University of Wisconsin-Stout, USA
    Co-organizer: Qimiao Shao
    Bayer Company, Shanghai, China
    Globally, Orthoptera have a cultural history that is often not acknowledged the general public. Meanwhile, the use of crickets for good luck charms to imaginary Saints who chant to grasshoppers, Orthoptera have played important roles in determining historical, religious, and social context. Part of this social context has been the use of Orthoptera as educational tools to train students from elementary to through graduate school about the ways of insects. How and more specifically when we expose students to insects, determines the future of the Society and its future membership.
    Speakers and topics:
    1. Charles Bomar (University of Wisconsin-Stout , USA) :From St. Urho to heavy metal deposition in chitin: Delivery of Orthopteran content to non-entomological audiences
    2. Doug Whitman (Illinois State University, USA) :Use of the Lubber Grasshopper (Romalea sp) in science education
    3. Shao Qimiao (BASF- China):History of Cricket Culture in China
    4. Mohammed OULD Babah (Centre National de Lutte Antiacridienne, Mauritania):Perceptions of Orthoptera in religion and culture
    5. Ricardo Mariño-Pérez (University of Central Florida , Mexico):Orthoptera in Mexican Culture

Conference Workshops
Orthoptera Species File online (
Organizers: Maria Marta Cigliano, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Argentina
Co-organizer: David Eades, University of Illinois, USA
     The Orthoptera Species File is a taxonomic database of the world's Orthoptera (grasshoppers, locusts, katydids and crickets), both living and fossil. It has full synonymic and taxonomic information for more than 25,960 valid species, 43,090 scientific names, 179,300 citations to 12,400 references, 75,400 images, 480 sound recordings, 86,000 specimen records, and keys to 2,870 taxa. Since the inception of OSF its strength and value to the taxonomic community has been the combination of the complete coverage of synonyms and taxonomic literature for all taxa within it, the addition of digital images of type specimens, as well as interactive keys, sound recordings, and maps. The workshop will be focused not only on the basic features of the Public read only interface showing the Information and contents on the database and the different types of search; but also on some basic features of the Editing interface (adding images, specimens, changes related to the rank and status of a taxon name); and on the way that the program prevents changes that conflict with the rules of nomenclature. Besides, the potential of using the OSF as a tool for monograph and revisionary studies of Orthoptera will be presented in this workshop, as a way of integrating many of the most recent cybertaxonomic tools with species descriptions.